Department of Physics
B.Sc Physics Course Outcomes
SemesterI
Paper I
Mechanics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Know
vectors, vectors products and application of vectors to linear and rotational
quantities.
CO2:Understand
gravitational field, gravitational potential and Keplar’s law of planetary
motion.
CO3:Know
the work energy theorem and law of conservation of total energy.
CO4:Understand
conservation of linear and angular momentum.
Paper II
Electricity
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Explain
Coulomb law, Gauss theory and electric field, electric potential and
electrostatic energy.
CO2:Explain
electric field and potential due to point and uniform charge distribution.
CO3:Understand
the electric field in matter.
CO4:Understand
the steady and varying electric currents, Kirchhoff’s law and their
applications.
Paper III
Theory of Oscillation
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Impart
knowledge about the simple harmonic motion and its applications in mechanical
systems.
CO2:Understand
damping, power dissipation, relaxation time and quality factor during damped
harmonic oscillation.
CO3:Understand
phenomenon of resonance, velocity resonance, sharpness of resonance and quality
factor during forced harmonic oscillation.
CO4:Explain
applications of SHM in mechanical and electrical systems and Lissajous figures.
SemesterII
Paper I
General Properties of Matter
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Understand
dynamics of rigid body and idea of moment of inertia.
CO2:Explain
moment of Inertia of various bodies, kinetic energy of rotating and rolling
along a slope.
CO3:Understand
the basic concept of elasticity, elastic constants and their interrelations.
CO4:Understand
viscosity and surface tension of water and related laws and formulas.
Paper II
Magnetism
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Know
basic concept of magnetic field, we can explain Ampere’s law, BiotSavert’s law
and its applications in different cases.
CO2:Understand
the concepts of magnetic and magnetic properties of materials such as
diamagnetic, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic.
CO3:Explain
the behavior of alternating currents in different electrical circuits.
CO4:Understand
the concepts of electromagnetic induction, self induction of solenoid and
mutual induction of coaxial solenoid.
Paper III
Waves and Acoustics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Explain
characteristics of wave motion and analyze the wave equation in different
phenomenon.
CO2:Understand
about sound waves and ultrasonic waves.
CO3:Understand
characteristics and loudness of musical sound with acoustics and acoustic
intensity.
CO4:Explain
the application of wave propagation in various physical cases, ultrasonic and
acoustics of building and sonar system.
SemesterIII
Paper I
Thermodynamics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1;Understand
basic concepts of thermodynamics, first law of thermodynamics and its
applications.
CO2:Explain
condition of Reversibility, Carnot’s Engine, Carnot’s cycle, Carnot’s theorem
and second law of thermodynamics.
CO3:Understand
entropy, entropy of an ideal gas, TS diagram and its applications.
CO4:_Explain
thermodynamics potential and derived Maxwell’s equation from thermodynamic
potentials.
Paper II
Geometrical Optics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Explain
Fermat’s principle of extremum path and its application to deduce laws of
reflection and refraction at spherical surfaces.
CO2:Understand
general theory of image formation for lens systems.
CO3:Know
spherical, chromatic and monochromatic aberration and their reduction and
theory of dispersion.
CO4:Know
about associated optical instruments such as nodal slide, eyepieces, telescope,
microscope, spectrometer and its uses.
Paper III
Elementary Solid State Physics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Know
basic concepts of various crystal structures.
CO2:Understand
reciprocal lattice, significance of Brillouin Zones and crystal diffraction
methods.
CO3:Explain
the lattice vibrations and thermal properties of solids.
CO4:Understand
the band theory of solids.
SemesterIV
Paper I
Heat Transfer Mechanics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Understand
Modes of heat transfer via Conduction, Convection and Radiation.
CO2:Explain
Kinetic theory of gases.
CO3:Understand
classical and quantum theory of thermal radiation.
CO4:Explain
methods of producing low temperature via various physical mechanisms.
Paper II
Physical Optics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Explain
coherence condition, interference of light by division of wave front and
amplitude and its applications.
CO2:Understand
diffraction of light and its applications.
CO3:Understand
polarization of light and its applications.
CO4:Know
about associated optical instruments and its applications.
Paper III
Statistical Physics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Know
basic concepts about specification of states, phase space, μ space, entropy and
thermodynamic probability etc.
CO2:Understand
various ensembles, their thermodynamic connection and physical significance of
various statistical quantities.
CO3:Explain
Maxwell’sBoltzmann statistics, distribution law and limitation of MB
statistics.
CO4:Explain
BoseEinstein statistics, FermiDirac statistics and its application to liquid
helium, free electron in metal and photon gas.
SemesterV
Paper I
Quantum Theory
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Understand
the origin of quantum theory, Plank’s and black body radiation.
CO2:Explain
waveparticle duality, wave description of particles by wave packets and
Heisenberg uncertainty principle etc.
CO3:Understand
postulates of quantum mechanics, operators and use of commutation and
commutative algebra of operators to solve quantum mechanics problems.
CO4:Explain
time independent and time dependent one dimensional Schrodinger equations,
physical interpretation of wave function. Ehrenfest’s theorem and idea of
tunneling etc.
Paper II
Atomic and Molecular Physics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Understand
various atomic models, space quantization and spinning of an electron.
CO2:Explain
optical spectra, LS and JJ coupling, fine structure of sodium D line, Zeeman
effect and Xray spectra.
CO3:_Explain
theory of lasers and its applications.
CO4:Understand
rotational, vibrational, electronic and Raman spectra of diatomic molecules.
Paper III
Basic Electronics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Explain
various network theorems and its applications.
CO2:Understand
power supplies such as rectifiers, filters and Zener diode and voltage
regulations.
CO3:Explain
solid state devicesvarious types of diodes, transistor and field effect
transistors.
CO4:Understand
classification of amplifier and their frequency response curve and bandwidth.
SemesterVI
Paper I
Special Relativity and Electromagnetic Waves
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Explain
postulates of special theory of relativity, Galilean and Lorentz
transformations.
CO2:_Understand
consequences of Lorentz transformations, massenergy equivalence and concept of
fourvectors.
CO3:_Explain
Maxwell’s equation in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and
wave equation in free space.
CO4:Explain
Maxwell’s equation in isotropic, nonisotropic and dielectric media, plane
electromagnetic waves in dielectric media, reflection and refraction of EM
waves.
Paper II
Subatomic Physics
At the end of this course, students will be able
to
CO1:Understand
basic properties of nuclei, stability, binding energy, liquid drop model and
semiempirical mass formula.
CO2:Explain
properties of α, β and γ rays, Soddy Fajan’s displacement law, law of
radioactive disintegration and carbon dating.
CO3:Understand
basic concepts and classification of elementary particles on the basis of mass,
fundamental interaction, Lepton and baryon number, concepts of isospin and
conservation laws.
CO4:_Understand
various nuclear devices such as particle accelerators, particle detectors,
ionization chamber and Geiger Muller counter. .
Paper III
Analog and Digital Electronics
At the end of this course, students will be
able to
CO1:Understand
classification of feedback amplifier, negative and positive feedback and its
advantages.
CO2:Explain
various types of oscillators.
CO3:Understand
conversion of one code to another, Boolean algebra and DeMorgan’s theorems.
CO4:Explain
various logic gates and universal gates and verify their truth tables.
UG Course Outcomes
Mathematics
Semester
I
Course
Title: Elementary Algebra and Trigonometry
Paper
I
Status:
Compulsory Course
Course
Instructors: 1. Dr Pramod Joshi, Assistant Professor
2. Dr Deepak Kumar Tiwari, Assistant
Professor
3. Dr Richa Tiwari, Assistant
Professor
Dept. of Mathematics,
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Distinguish
among different numbers and Identify the relation and mapping between different
sets.
•Find
the roots of the Equation.
•Know
the concept of matrix and define different type of matrices.
•Understand
different Trigonometrical functions and Trigonometric series and their
applications.
Semester
I
Course
Title: Differential Calculus
Paper
II
Status:
Compulsory Course
Course
Instructors: 1. Dr Pramod Joshi, Assistant Professor
2. Dr Deepak Kumar Tiwari, Assistant
Professor
3. Dr Richa Tiwari, Assistant
Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Define
limit, continuity and differentiability of a function and applications of mean
value theorem.
•Find
the successive differention and n^{th} differential coefficient of
function.
•Expand
functions, identify indeterminate forms and solve it.
•Define
tangent and normal and their application both in Cartesian and polar form
•Trace
the curve and find singular points.
•Understand
curvature and asymptotes and find them for a given curve.
Semester
I
Course
Title: Geometry and Vector Analysis
Paper
III
Status:
Compulsory Course
Course
Instructors: 1. Dr Pramod Joshi, Assistant Professor
2. Dr Deepak Kumar Tiwari, Assistant
Professor
3. Dr Richa Tiwari, Assistant
Professor
Dept. of Mathematics,
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Find
the polar equation of the conic.
•Understand
vector algebra and apply it to geometry.
•Distinguish
among different differential operators and understand the concept of vector
differentiation.
•Understand
the concept of vector Integration.
Semester
II
Course
Title: Group Theory
Paper
I
Status:
Compulsory Course
Course
Instructors: Dr Pramod Joshi, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9412954452
Email:
pramod.joshi1975@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Find
the cardinality and congruency of the set.
•Define
Group and Subgroup and create it.
•Understand
the concept of homomorphism, isomorphism and automorphism.
•Understand
the concept of Normaliser and center of group.
Semester II
Course
Title: Integral Calculus
Paper
II
Course
Instructors: Dr Richa Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9411151152
Email: richa1dma@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
·Understand
the concept of integral as a limit of sum and properties of definite integrals.
·Know
the infinite integrals and differentiation and integration under the integral
sign.
·Know
about the Beta function. Gamma function, their properties, their relation and
evaluation of them.
·Evaluate
double integrals and repeated integrals.
·Understand
the concept of change of order of integration and Drichlet`s Theorem.
·Know
quadrature, rectification , volumes and surfaces of solids of revolution.
Semester II
Course Title: Analytic Geometry
Paper III
Course Instructors:
Dr Deepak Kumar Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile: 9411151706
Email: deep1dma@gmail.com
After Successful
completion of this course, students will be able to:
·Know about the
system of coordinates, curvilinear coordinates;
·Know about
definition and equation of sphere, power of a point, tangent plane and radical
plane;
·Know about
definition and equation of a cone, generators, tangent plane and reciprocal
cone;
Semester
III
Course
Title: Advanced Algebra
Paper
I
Status:
Compulsory Course
Course
Instructors: Dr Pramod Joshi, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9412954452
Email:
pramod.joshi1975@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Define
Ring, Sub ring and their properties.
•Understand
the concept of ideal and define different type of ideals.
•Define
Integral domain,field and their properties.
•Explain
the concept of polynomial rings and their properties.
•Explain
the fundamental concepts of advanced algebra and their role in modern
mathematics and applied contexts.
Semester III
Course
Title: Differential Equations
Paper
II
Course
Instructors: Dr Richa Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9411151706
Email: richa1dma@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Understand
the concept of order and degree, complete primitive and existence and uniqueness
of the solution.
•To
solve the differential equations of first order and first degree and the
differential equations of first order but not of first degree.
•To
understand the concept of trajectory, orthogonal trajectory, and self
orthogonal family of curves.
•Find
the solution of linear differential equations with constant coefficients and
homogeneous differential equations.
•Solve
simultaneous, exact, total differential equations and linear differential
equations of second order with variable coefficients.
•Solve
a differential equation by series solution method and also learn about the
simple application of differential equations.
Semester III
Course Title: Mechanics
Paper III
Course Instructors:
Dr Deepak Kumar Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile: 9411151706
Email: deep1dma@gmail.com
After Successful
completion of this course, students will be able to:
·Know about the
rectilinear motion, simple harmonic motion;
·Understand the
concept of kinematics in two dimension, radial and transverse components of
velocity;
·Understand the
concept of motion in resisting medium, constrained motion, cycloidal motion;
·Know about the
central orbits, pedal equation, apse and apsidal distance;
·Understand the concept
of coplaner forces and equilibrium of forces in 3D;
·Know about common
catenary and virtual work.
Semester
IV
Course
Title: Vector Spaces and Matrices
Paper
I
Status:
Compulsory Course
Course
Instructors: Dr Pramod Joshi, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9412954452
Email:
pramod.joshi1975@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Define
Vector space, Sub space and their properties.
•Understand
the concept of liner dependence and independence, bases and dimensions.
•Explain
rank of a matrix and elementary transformation of a matrix.
•Application
of matrices to find the solutions of system of linear homogenious equations and
system of linear non homogenious equations.
Semester IV
Course Title: Real Analysis
Paper II
Course Instructors:
Dr Deepak Kumar Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile: 9411151706
Email: deep1dma@gmail.com
After Successful
completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Understand the concept of continuity and differentiability of
functions;
•Know about Riemann
integral and mean value theorem of integral calculus;
•Identify the improper integral and test their convergence;
•Understand the concept of sequence and series, Cauchy`s convergence
criterion;
•Know about uniform convergence, point wise convergence, test of
uniform convergence.
•Know about
definition and equation of a cylinder, right circular cylinder and enveloping
cylinder;
•Understand the
concept of conicoids, central conicoids and conjugate plane.
Semester IV
Course
Title: Mathematical Methods
Paper
III
Course
Instructors: Dr. Richa Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9411151152
Email: richa1dma@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Define Kernel, Integral Transform and
Laplace Transform;
•Develop Existence theorem, linearity
property, Laplace transforms of elementary functions, derivatives, integrals
and Periodic functions, Initial and Final Value theorem;
•Find inverse Laplace Transforms using
partial fractions and convolution;
•Solve differential and integrodifferential
equations using Laplace transforms;
•Evaluate Fourier Complex Transforms,
Fourier sine and cosine transforms and Inverse Fourier transform;
Semester
V
Course
Title: Linear Algebra
Paper
I
Status:
Compulsory Course
Course
Instructors: Dr Pramod Joshi, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9412954452
Email:
pramod.joshi1975@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Explain
the concept of linear transformation, rank, nullity and linear operators.
•Understand
algebra of linear transformation.
•Find
eigen value and eigen vector of different matrices and its application.
•Explain
the concept of linear functionals, dual space and dual basis.
•Explain
the fundamental concepts of different bilinear forms.
Semester V
Course Title: Complex Analysis
Paper II
Course Instructors:
Dr Deepak Kumar Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile: 9411151706
Email: deep1dma@gmail.com
After Successful
completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Understand the
concept of complex variable, limit, continuity and differentiability;
•Know about analytic functions, Cauchy`s Riemann; equations, harmonic functions;
•Know about complex integration,
Cauchy`s theorem, poles and singularities;
•Know about residues, the residues theorem, evaluation of improper
real integral;
•Know about Liouville`s theorem, Taylor`s series and Laurent`s
series.
Semester
V
Course
Title: Functions of several variables
and partial differential equations
Paper
III
Course
Instructors: Dr Richa Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9411151152
Email: richa1dma@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Understand the concept of limit, continuity
and differentiability of functions of several variables.
•Geometrically
interpret the partial derivatives and to find derivatives of composite and
implicit functions.
•Know
Euler`s theorem on homogeneous functions, jacobians, harmonic functions and
Taylor`s expansion of several variables.
•Understand
the concept of maxima and minima and can use Lagrange`s method of multipliers
easily.
•Formulate
and solve first order PDE by Charpit`s method.
•To
classify second order PDE`s in two independent variables.
•To
find general solution of higher order PDE`s with constant coefficients;
Semester
VI
Course
Title: Numerical Methods
Paper
I
Internal
Examiner: Dr Richa Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9411151152
Email:
richa1dma@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Find Absolute, Relative, Percentage and
general errors involved in calculations;
•Solve Algebraic and transcendental
equations by Bisection method, False position method, Newton Raphson method,
Picard`s iteration method;
•Check the consistency and inconsistency
of system of linear equation;
•Find the solution of linear system of
equations by direct and iterative methods;
•Find finite differences, differences of
a polynomial and errors in polynomial interpolation;
•Apply Newton`s forward and Backward
interpolation formula, Gauss, Stirling, Bessel`s, Everett`s and Lagrange`s interpolation formula;
•Numerically differentiate and numerically
integrate a function by using a set of tabulated values of function;
Semester
VI
Course Title: Mathematical Statistics
Paper II
Internal Examiner:
Dr Deepak Kumar Tiwari, Assistant Professor
Dept. of Mathematics,
Mobile: 9411151706
Email: deep1dma@gmail.com
After Successful
completion of this course, students will be able to:
·Know about descriptive statistics and exploratory data analysis,
measures of central tendency;
·Understand the
concept of correlation and regression, scatter diagram and rank correlation
coefficient;
·Know about
probability, random experiment, sample space, axiom of probability;
·Define the equally likely, mutually exclusive, independent and
compound events;
·Know about conditional probability, mathematical expectation,
Baye`s theorem.
Semester
VI
Course
Title: Operations Research
Paper
III
Status:
Compulsory Course
Internal
Examiner: Dr Pramod Joshi, Assistant Professor
Dept. of
Mathematics,
Mobile:
9412954452
Email:
pramod.joshi1975@gmail.com
After
Successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
•Explain
the basics ofOperations Research.
•Solve
linear programming problem by different method like Graphical, Simplex and
duality.
•Formulation
of transportation problem.
•Finding
initial basic feasible solution, test of optimality, degeneracy by MODI method
and Stepping stone method.
•Find
the solution of Assignment problems by Hungarian method.
COURSE BOTANY SEMESTER
L.S.M. Govt. P. G. College, Pithoragarh
Cos of the course " Algae”
CO1. Describe about introductionand salient features
of algae and theirplace among the organism.
CO 2. Classification ofalgae (Smith) up to class level.
CO
3. Describe range of vegetativestructure and Cell structure in algae.
CO
4. Describe various types of Reproduction andalternation of generation
in algae.
CO
5. Describe the ecology of algae and its types.
CO
6. Describe the economic importance of algae as food,fodder, in agriculture, industry and public
health.
CO 7. Describe Structure,reproduction and life cycles
of the genera
Nostoc, Chlamydomonas, Volvox, Oedogonium, Chara,Vaucheria,Sargassum, Polysiphonia, Diatoms.
COs of the course " Fungi”
CO1.
Describe in detail the introduction, salient features
and brief history of Fungi.
CO2. Classify fungi up to
the class
level
CO3. Describe
and illustrate, somatic structure of fungi, nutritional
and environmental needs of fungi.
CO4. Describe
the ecological groups offungi.
CO5.
Describe in detail the reproduction in fung, heterothallism ,heterokaryosis, a general idea of
parasexualcycle.
CO6.Describe the Pathology
of fungal plant diseases.
CO7. Describe
the Importance of fungiboth beneficial and harmful.
CO8. Describe
the life history of
the genera in
brief:Stemonitis, Synchytrium, Saprolegnia, Albugo,Rhizopus, Penicillium,Eryshiphe, Morchella, Ustilago, Puccinia, Agaricus, Alternari
COs
of the course " Bryophyta”
CO1. Describe Introduction,
features, distribution,habitat andeconomicand ecologicalimportance of Bryophyta.
CO2.
Describe alternation of generation in Bryophyta.
CO3. Classify Bryophyta upto order levelgiving the characteristic features
of each class.
CO4. Comparative study of Riccia, Marchantia, Pellia, Anthoceros and Funaria on the basis of morphology and anatomy of gametophyte, vegetative,
sexual reproduction and
sporophyte.
COs
of the course " MicrobiologyBactria, Viruses and Lichens”
CO1. Describe
diversity of microbes.
CO2. Describe general account of Archaebacteria and Eubacteria, Gram positive and Gram
negative bacteria, nutrition,
reproduction and economic importance.
CO3.Describe viruses: Characteristics, isolation and purification of viruses, chemical nature, replication, transmission
of viruses, economic importance.
CO4.DescribeLichens: Characteristics, general structure, reproduction, economic importance, symbiotic relationship
and habitats.
COs
of the course " Pteridophyta”
CO1. Describe
introduction and salient features of
Pteridophytes and economic importance.
CO2. Describe
alternation of generation in Pteridophyta.
CO3. Classify Pteridophytauptoorderlevel.
CO4.Comparative study of Rhynia, Lycopodium, Selaginella, Equisetum, Adiantum on the basis of morphology and anatomyof vegetative plant body, spore producing organs and sexual reproduction.
CO5. Describe Stelar system, heterospory and
seed habit.
COs
of the course " Gymnosperm and Paleobotany”
CO1.Describe introduction andsalient features of Gymnospermsand their placeamong the plant kingdom.
CO2. Classifygymnosperms upto order level.
CO3. Describe Alternation of generation in Gymnosperms.
CO4.Comparative study of Cycas, Pinus and Ephedra on the basis of morphology and anatomy of the vegetative plant body, sporophylls.
CO5. Describe Fossils, their types and process of fossilization, general idea about various geological erasand
living fossils.
COs
of the course " Taxonomy of Angiosperm”
CO1. DescribeBasic principles and broad outline of the classification proposal by Bentham and Hooker and
Hutchinson.
CO2.Describe InternationalCodeof Botanical Nomenclature.
CO3. Describe Botanical gardensand Herbaria.
CO4. Describe BotanicalSurvey of India.
CO5. Distinguishing features of the following families Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae, Rutaceae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae,Apiaceae, Asteraceae,Solanaceae, Lamiaceae, Orchidaceae, Liliaceae,Poaceae.
COs
of the course " Cytology”
O1. Describe Cell structure: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; ultrastructure of eukaryotic cell, cell wall and plasma membrane
(ultrastructure, chemical composition and models of plasma membrane), cell connections
CO2.Describe structure andfunctions of cellorganelles:Mitochondria, Chloroplast, Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, Ribosome,
Microbodies (Lysosomes, Peroxisomes, Glyoxisomes);
structure and function of Nucleus and
Nucleolus
CO3. Describe cell division: cell cycle, process and significance of mitosis and meiosis, structure and function of synaptonemalcomplex andcrossing over
CO4.Describe eukaryotic chromosome: structure, chemical composition, Karyotype analysis,Ideogram; structure and functions
of Polytene and Lampbrush chromosomes
COs
of the course " Embryology and Morphogenesis”
CO1. Describe the Structure of anther andpollen, microsporogenesis and
male gametophyte.
CO2. Describe structureand types of ovules, megasporogenesis and female gametophyte.
CO3. Explain pollination mechanism, Fertilization,
self incompatibility, doublefertilization.
CO4. Describe endosperm types, structure and
functions;
dicot and monocot embryo.
CO5. Describe general concept of morphogenesis.
CO6. Describe seed germinationand dormancy.
CO7. Describe elementary movements.
CO8. Describe a general
account
of Plant Growth Regulators.
CO9. Explain physiology of Flowering Photoperiodism
and Vernalization.
COs
of the course "Genetics and Plant Breeding”
CO1.Describe structure andfunctionofnucleic acid and different forms ofDNA(A, B, Z).
CO2.Explain genetic code: properties of
genetic code,classical and modern concept
of gene.
CO3.Explain law of inheritance:Mendel’sexperiments,principleofsegregation, independent assortment, incomplete dominance.
CO4.Explain chromosomal aberration structural(deficiency,duplication, inversion & translocation) and
numerical (Euploidy & Aneuploidy), alteration
in chromosomes.
CO5.Describe sex determination: sex chromosomes,sex determinationinDrosophila,Man and
plants specially Melandrium;
CO6.Describe sex linked inheritance.
CO7. Describe plant breedingaims and objectives, basic techniques of plant breeding (selection, plantintroduction and acclimatization, hybridization and mutational breeding),hybrid
vigour.
COs
of the course "Molecular Biology”
CO1.Explain DNA chemistry and DNA replication; replication error and repair
mechanism.
CO2.Describe introns, exons, transposons,
molecular basis of gene mutation.
CO3.Describe CDNAand CDNA library; Artificial gene synthesis
CO 4. Explain Molecular markers: A general idea of RAPD (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA),
RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism),
VNTR (Variable Number of Tandem Repeats).
CO5.Explain Polymerase chainreaction techniques(PCR).
A brief idea of DNAfinger printing.
COs
of the course "Plant Anatomy”
CO1. Describe
about Meristematicand Permanent tissues:Root andShoot apical meristemsand their function; Simple,
Complex and Specialtypes of tissues.
CO 2. Describe Epidermis and stomata
CO 3. Explain
and perform anatomy of dicot
and monocot root, stem and leaf.
CO 4. Describe
Rootstem
transition
CO 5.Describe Secondary growth: vascular cambium, structure and function; seasonal activity (growth
rings), secondary growth in root and stem; sap wood, heart wood, anomalous secondary growth in stems.
COs
of the course "Economic Botany”
Describe
and explain about the brief knowledge of Botany and commercial
utilizationand uses of the following plants:
CO 1.
Describe Cereals and millets Wheat, Rice and Maize, Ragi, Pearl
millet
CO 2. DescribeSugar yielding plants Sugarcane and Sugar beet
CO 3. Describe Fruits Mango,apple, banana,
Citrus and Litchi.
CO 4. DescribeFibres Cotton,
jute,
hemp,coir, Agave and Semal.
CO 5. Describe Vegetables Root vegetables, stem vegetables and fruit vegetables.
CO 6. Describe Timbers Teak, Shisham, Sal, Chirand Deodar.
CO 7. Describe Medicinal plantsAconitum, Atropa, Cinchona,Rauwolfia, Ephedra and Withania.
CO 8. Describe Oils Volatile and nonvolatile oils.
CO 9. DescribeBeverages Tea andcoffee.
CO 10. Describe Fumitories and
masticatories.
CO 11. Describe Spicesand Condiments.
COs
of the course "Plant Physiology”
CO 1. ExplainDiffusion, osmosis, waterpotentialand itscomponents, Plasmolysis,Imbibition and
Absorption
of water, root
pressure and guttation.
CO 2.Explain Transpiration and its significance, Factor affectingtranspiration, mechanism of stomatal
opening and closing.
CO 3.Describe Mineral nutrition: Essential elements, macro and micro nutrients, criteria of essentiality of elements,
role of essential
elements, minerals deficiency symptoms, Transport
of ions across cell membrane, active and passive transport, carriers, channels and pumps.
CO 4.Explain Translocation in phloem: composition of
phloem sap, girdling experiment, pressure flow model, phloem loading and
unloading
CO 5. Explain Respiration: aerobicand anaerobicrespiration.Glycolysis andKerb’scycle. Oxidative
phosphorylation,
electron transportsystem,
fermentation, R.Q.
CO 6. Describe and explain Photosynthesis: photosyntheticpigments. Photosystem I and II, electron transportsystem and ATP synthesis. Path of carbon in C3plants (C3cycle), C4 plants (C4 cycle), CAM pathway, photorespiration,
COs
of the course "Biochemistry”
CO 1.Explain enzymes:Properties, classification, mechanism of enzymes action and factors affecting enzymesactivities
CO 2. Describe
and explain amino acids and proteins: An elementary account
with special reference to
plants.
CO 3. Explain
and describe Biological
Nitrogen
fixation and nitrate andammoniaassimilation.
CO 4. Explain carbohydrates: Structure and
function.
CO 5. Describe
elementary idea of fats and lipids in plants.
COs
of the course "Plant Ecology”
CO 1. Describe plant and environment: Principles of environment, atmosphere, light, temperature, water,
soil and biota.
CO 2. Describe morphological, anatomical and physiological responses of plantsto water (Hydrophytes and Xerophytes): temperature
(thermoperiodism and vernalization): light (heliophytes and
sciophytes).
CO 3. Explain population: Growth curves,ecotype and ecads.
CO 4. Explain definition of community; Structure and attributes of community: frequency, density, cover,
lifeforms and biological
spectrum; ecological succession.
CO 5. Describe ecosystem concept, energy flow,
foodchain, food web andecological pyramids.
CO 6. Explain biogeochemical cycles
with emphasis on carbon and
nitrogen cycles.
CO 7. basic concept of Biodiversity and
its conservation.
CO 8. Explain preliminary idea of environmental
pollutionair, water, soil, noise and radioactive pollution.
COs
of the course "Biostatistics”
CO 1. Explain introduction,
definition, scope and importance of
statistics,
CO
2. Describe
sampling:
aim,
simple
random sampling,
stratified random
sampling, systematic sampling.
CO 3. Explain measuresof central tendency, mean,medianand
mode.
CO 4. Describe classification,
tabulation and graphic presentation of data.
CO 5. Explain measuresof dispersionrange,variance, standard deviation,
standard error.
CO 6. Explain correlation: correlation
coefficient.
CO 7. Explain Chisquare (χ2) test
CO 8. Describe
modern approach of statistical
packages.
COs
of the course "Biotechnology”
CO 1. Describe introduction to Biotechnology: Role in modern life, history and ethical issues connected with Biotechnology.
CO 2. Describe Genetic Engineering: Enzymes and vectorsinvolved in genetic engineering, Recombinant DNA
technology, toolsand techniques of genetic engineering.
CO 3.Explain plant tissue culture
technique: Basic requirements of Tissue culture Laboratory, differenttypes of mediaandtheir composition, basic technique of tissue culture, types of culture on
the basis of explants, collection and storage of
germplasm (Cryopreservation), PTC with reference to somaclonal variations, syntheticseeds, somatic hybridization and hairy
root culture.
CO 4. Describe IndustrialBiotechnology:With
reference to
drinks and beverages.
CO 5. Describe Agricultural Biotechnology: Crop (yield /quality) improvement, biofertilizersand biologicalcontrol.
CO 6. Explainbiotechnology with regard to microorganisms: Mycotoxin based health hazards and theircontrol,
single cell protein.
COURSE OUTCOME FOR THE
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY
B.Sc 1^{ST} SEMESTER
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Describe
the salient features and outline classification (up to orders) of various Lower
Nonchordate Phyla
CO2 Describe
Protozoa with particular reference to locomotion, nutrition,
osmoregulation and reproduction.
CO3 Describe
taxonomy, morphology, life cycle, pathogenecity and control measures of different
protozoan pathogens
CO4 Describe
Porifera with reference to structure, reproduction and development, canal
system, and affinities.
CO5 Describe
Coelenterata with reference to structure, reproduction and development,
polymorphism, including brief account of Corals and Coral reefs.
CO6 Describe
taxonomy, morphology, life cycle, pathogenecity, control measures of Aschelminthes.
CO7
Describe parasitic adaptations in Helminths.
CO8 Describe
Annelida with reference to external features, excretory organs and reproduction,
parasitic adaptations, larval form/s, and metamerism.
CO9 Describe
Arthropoda with reference to external features and reproduction.
CO10 Describe
Mollusca with reference to external features, organs of pallial complex, reproduction,
and torsion.
CO11 Describe
Echinodermata with reference to external features, water vascular system, mode
of feeding and reproduction.
CO12 Give background knowledge of prokaryotic
and eukaryotic cells
CO13 Describe
ultrastructure, chemical composition, models, specialisations and functions of
plasma membrane.
CO14 Describe
structure and functions of different cell organelles
CO15 Describe
Cell cycle Mitosis and meiosis
CO16 Give
a background idea of cell transformation and cancer
CO17 Describe
eukaryotic chromosomes
CO18 Describe
dosage compensation in Drosophila and man.
Practicals
CO19 Give
a brief description of Amoeba, paramecium, Euglena, Hydra, and rectal
ciliates
CO20 Describe
nervoussystem or General anatomy of selected animals with the help of charts
and models
CO21 Study
of permanent slides and museum specimens belonging to different phyla
CO22 Describe
life cycle of few selected helminths
CO24 Describe
mitosis and meiosis
B.Sc. SEMESTER II
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Describe
biochemistry of nucleic acids, identification of DNA as genetic material
CO2 Describe
genetic code and protein synthesis
CO3 Give background knowledge of recombinant
DNA technology and its scope
CO4 Give
brief knowledge of PCR and its significance
CO5 Describe working principles and application of the
instruments used in biotechnology
CO6 Describe
taxonomy and systematics, their relationship and significance
CO7 Describe
species concept and back ground knowledge of taxonomic methodology
CO8 Give
an account of concepts and evidences of evolution
CO9 Describe
evolutionary theories
CO10 Describe
evolution of man
CO11 Give an elementary knowledge of fossils
CO12 Describe
geological time scale
CO13 Describe Mendelian inheritance/genetics
CO14 Describe
Linkage
CO15 Describe
Crossing overmechanism and significance
CO16 Give
an account of Determination of sex
CO17 Describe
Sex linked inheritance
CO18 Describe
Mutation
Practical
CO19 Describe
working principles and applications of the instruments used in biotechnology
CO20 (i)
Conduct experiments on Mendelian and nonMendelian inheritance, and describe
mutants of Drosophila.
CO21 Describe Biological Techniques
CO22 Describe
Animal collection techniques/equipments used
CO23 Describe
evolution of man with the help of Model/chart. CO24
Give a description of Palaeontology.
B.Sc: SEMESTERIII
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Describe
salient features and an outline classification of lower chordate
CO2 Describe
salient features of body organisation and systematic position and affinities of
Type protochordates.
CO3 Give
an account of Agnatha
CO4
Describe scales and fins, Parental care in fishes
CO5 Give
an account of the general Characters and affinities of Gymnophiona.
CO6 Describe
parental care in Amphibia
CO7 Describe
salient features and an outline classification of higher chordate
CO8 Give
an account of Reptilia
CO9 Give
an account of Aves
CO10 Give
an account of Mammalia
CO11 Describe
adaptive radiation in mammalia
CO12 Define
ecology and its scope
CO13 Describe
abiotic and biotic environment
CO14 Define
concept of ecosystem
CO15 Describe
energy flow in ecosystem
CO16 Define
laws of limiting factors
CO17 Describe
concept of Biosphere and its components
CO18 Describe
biogeochemical cycles
CO19 Describe
Population ecology
CO20 Give
an account of biotic interactions
CO21 Describe biodiversity
conservation
CO22 Give
brief background of the concept of protected areas
CO23 Describe
India’s wild life habitats and resources
CO24 Describe
adaptations in animals to desert and aquatic life
CO25 Define
pollution and its control
CO26 Give
a description of global environmental problems
CO27 Define
pesticide pollution and control of various pollutants
Practical
CO28 Study
of permanent slides and specimens across different phyla
CO29 Dissection, general
anatomy and preparation of slides of scales of fishes
CO30 Back ground knowledge of skeleton/bones
of frog, Varanus, fowl and rabbit
CO31
Conduct ecological experiments
CO32 Describe
adaptations in animals
CO33
Wildlife in India CO34
Describe indicator species of different kinds of water pollution.
B.Sc. SEMESTERIV
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Describe
Gametogenesis
CO2 Describe
types of eggs.
CO3 Describe
fertilization
CO4 Describe
cleavage
CO5 Describe
blastulation and Gastrulation
CO6 Describe
fate maps
CO7 Describe
foetal membranes
CO8 Define
retrogressive metamorphosis
CO9 Describe
regeneration
CO10 Describe
embryonic Induction
CO11 Describe
bionomics and control measures of the common pests
CO13 Give
an account of polyphagous insects
CO14 Describe
pest management
CO15 Give
an account of insects up to orders
CO16 Describe
methods of insect collection and preservation
CO17 Describe
parental care and social life in insects
CO18 Classify
fishes up to orders
CO19 Describe
integrated fish farming
CO20 Describe
construction of aquaria and its maintenance
CO21 Describe
ornamental fishes
CO22 Define
induced breeding
CO23 Describe
indigenous and exotic fishes
CO24 Describe
migration in fishes
Practical
CO25 Study of the permanent slides of the chick and
frog embryos
CO26 Study of the slides and
specimens of type species of economic significance
CO27 Description of life cycles and control measures
of insects of economic importance
CO28 Describe structural organization of Bee hive
CO29 Give brief description of commercially important
varieties of poultry and cattle
CO30 Describe salient
features and outline classification of various insect groups
Credits
i. Theory period of duration of 45 minutes for 6 days
a week, i.e. a total of 4 and ½ hours per week.
ii. Practical classes is held for a duration of 1 and
½ hour per week, on account of huge number of students, and hence dividing the
lot into 6 separate batches remains obligatory
B. Sc. III YEAR
I.
COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Give an account of the biological molecules and enzymes
CO2 Describe carbohydrate
metabolism
CO3 Describe digestion ofcarbohydrate,
fat and protein
CO4 Describe respiration
CO5 Describe excretion
CO6 Describe blood
vascular system
CO7 Give a brief account of immune system
CO8 Describe physiology
of heart
CO9 Describe nervous
system
CO10 Describe physiology
of muscles
CO11 Give a brief account of general characteristics of
endocrine system
CO12 Describe mechanisms
of hormone action
CO13 Give a brief background of the major endocrine glands
and associated disorders
CO14 Bacteria of medical importance
CO15 Give brief account of Mycoplasma and AIDS
CO16 Describe environmental
use of microorganisms
CO17 Give an account of food and dairy microbiology
CO18 Describe application
of major biological techniques
CO19 Describe patterns of
animal behaviour
CO20 Describe biological
clocks, bird migration and sociobiology
CO21 Describe principles of
toxicology
CO22 Define environmental toxicology
CO23 Describe metabolism of
toxic substances
CO24 Define dose response relationship
CO25 Describe analytical toxicology
CO26 Describe structure of some of the major tissues and organs
CO27 Give a basic account of computer and its organisation
CO28 A basic idea of software, hardware and programming languages
CO29 Describeuses of computers in biological sciences
CO30 How do you conduct data collection, tabulation and its presentation
CO31 Describe concepts of mean, mode, median and of standard
deviation and standard error
Practical
CO32. Experiments in
physiology
CO33 Identification of the
histology slides
CO34 Preparation of smooth
and striped muscles:
CO35 Exercise in toxicology
CO36 Exercise in animal
behaviour
C037 study of the principles
and application of the biotech equipment with the help of photographs:
CO38 Problems in biostatistics
CO39 Experiments in
microbiology
Credits
i. Theory period of duration of 45 minutes for 6 days
a week, i.e. a total of 4 and ½ hours per week.
ii. Practical
classes is held for a duration of 1 and ½ hour per week, on account of huge
number of students, and hence dividing the lot into 6 separate batches remains
obligatory
M. Sc. SEMESTER I
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 A basic understanding of Microbiology
CO2 Describe kinds of
Microorganisms
CO3 Describe microorganisms
in their natural habitat
CO4 Describe microbial
morphology and physiology
CO5 Describe microbial
media & culture techniques
CO6 Describe microbial
Growth and factors affecting the growth
CO7 Describe viruses Structure
and composition, classification, physical properties, etc
CO8 Describe microbiology
of water
CO9 Describe microbiology
of soil
CO10 Describe microbiology of air
CO11 Describe microbiology of food
CO12 Give an account of antibiotics
CO13 Describe microbial diseases and disease reservoirs
CO14 Describe Biohydrometallurgy
CO15 Give an account of habit
and habitats, characters of NonChordate Phyla
CO16 Describe nutrition, locomotion, reproduction in
protozoa
CO17 Describe canal system, reproduction
and phylogeny in porifera
CO18 Describe polymorphism, Corals and coral reefs in
Coelenterata
CO19 Describe lifecycle and parasitic
adaptations in Helminths
CO20 Describe organization
and affinities in minor phyla
CO21 Describe segmental
Organs and adaptive radiations in annelids
CO22 Describe larval forms, mouth parts and sociallife
in arthropods
CO23 Describe
organization and affinities of Onychophora
CO24 Describe major features of respiratory and reproductive
systems in Mollusca
CO25 Describe water Vascular System and larval
forms in echinoderms
CO26 Describe relevance and scope of ecology
CO27 Describe
physical and biotic environment
CO28 Describe
ecosystem diversity and services
CO29 Define concept of habitat and niche
CO30 Describe ecosystem’s structure and function
CO31 Define limiting factors: Laws
and brief description of abiotic factors as limiting factors
CO32 Describe population ecology
CO33 Describe community ecology
CO34 Describe ecological succession and types
CO35 Describe stressed ecosystems: Point and
nonpoint sources of pollution
CO36 Describe
assessment of freshwater pollution using various parameters
CO37 Describe
water quality monitoring using abiotic factors, bio monitoring
CO38 Describe
environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
CO39 Define eutrophication
CO40 Describe few of the global Environmental Problems
CO41 Define biodiversity, biodiversity
conservation and management
CO42 Give an account of modern approaches
in taxonomy
CO43 Describe concepts of zoological classification
CO44 Give
an account of the taxonomic Aids
CO45 Define species concept
CO46 Describe rules of Zoological Nomenclature
CO47 Describe collection, Preservation and
Identification of insects
CO48 Define Modern synthetic theory
CO49 Describe Variations and its kinds
CO50 Describe speciation
CO51 Describe basic Patterns of Evolution
CO52 Define Mimicry and its types
CO53 Describe
structure and organization of genome
CO54 Structure
of nucleic acids and its replication
CO55
Describe DNA repair and genetic disease in humans
CO56 Describe
organization of typical eukaryotic gene
CO57 Describe
Gene regulation and expression
CO58 Describe
mutation and its types
CO59 Describe
prokaryotic and Eukaryotic transcription and translation
CO60
Describe genetic code
Practical
CO61 Study
of permanent prepared slides of different Phyla
CO62 Study
of the museum specimens belonging to the different invertebrate Phyla
CO63 Permanent
preparations of the material available/provided
CO64 Experiments in Ecology
CO65 Experiments
in Microbiology
CO66 Studies of type specimens (parasites)
CO67 Evolutionary Biology and Systematics
Credits
i. Theory periods for duration of minimum of 3 hours
for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 18 hours per week.
ii. Practical classes are held for duration of 1 and ½
hour daily for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 9 hours per week.
M. Sc. SEMESTER II
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Describe diversity
of cell size, type, shape and cell theory
CO2 Describe
structure of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells
CO3 Describe
cellular organelles
CO4 Describe
organization of cytoskeleton, microtubules, etc
CO5 Describe molecular
aspects of cell division and regulation
CO6 Describe
structure and organisation of membranes
CO7 Describe cellular
communication
CO8 Describe cellular
responses to environmental signals in bacteria and animals
CO9 Describe biology of
cancer
CO10 Describe chromosomal analysis and techniques
CO11 Describe
structure, chemical composition, classification, and models of chromosomes
CO12 Describe
giant chromosomes
CO13 Describe chromosome mapping
CO14 Define concept of gene
CO15 Describe Mendelian genetics and principles
CO16 Describe
extra chromosomal inheritance
CO17 Describe Plasmids, IS Elements, Transposons
and Retroelements
CO18 Describe chemical nature, classification and mode
of secretion of hormones
CO19 Describe mechanisms of hormone action
CO20 Describe
structure and physiology of mammalian endocrine glands and their associated
disorders
CO21 Describe reproductive endocrinology
CO22 Give a background of bioenergetics
CO23 Describe
classification, chemical structure, and sources of biochemically significant
carbohydrates, proteins and lipids
CO24 Describe nomenclature, classification,
mechanism of action of enzymes
CO25 Describe metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and
lipids
CO26 Give an account of the integration of
metabolism and concept of metabolic regulations
CO27 Give
an account of the metabolic disorders
CO28 Describe vitamins and minerals
CO29 Describe basic concept of xenobiotic compounds
and their metabolism
CO30 Give an account of nutrition, respiration and
blood circulation
CO31 Describe muscle physiology
CO32 Describe thermoregulation
CO33 Describe excretion and osmoregulation
CO34 Describe sensory physiology
CO35 Give an account of the nervous Coordination
CO36 Describe immune System
Practical
CO37 Experiments on Physiology and Biochemistry
CO38 Cytological experiments
CO39 Exercises in genetics
CO40 Studies in endocrinology
Credits
i. Theory periods for duration of minimum of 3 hours
for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 18 hours per week.
ii. Practical classes are held for duration of 1 and ½
hour daily for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 9 hours per week.
M.Sc. SEMESTER III
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Classify up to orders,
habit and habitats and characters of Chordates
CO2 Describe characteristic
features and development of Urochordata, Cephalochordata
CO3 Describe affinities
of Hemichordata, Urochordata, Cephalochordata
CO4 Describe characters and
affinities of Cyclostomata
CO5 Describe salient
features of different groups of Fishes
CO6 Describe origin of
Amphibians and parental care in Amphibians
CO7 Describe origin of
Reptiles and general organization, distribution and affinities
CO8 Describe origin of
Birds Origin and mechanism of flight in birds, modifications in body
parts
CO9 Describe origin of
Mammals General characters, distribution and affinities of Prototheria
CO10 Describe
Metatheria, Dentition and adaptive radiations in mammals
CO11 Describe
aquatic and flying adaptations in mammals
CO12 Describe approaches to the study of animal behaviour
CO13 Describe fixed Action Pattern (FAP) or Instinctive
Behaviour
CO14 Define Learned Behaviour or Acquired Behaviour
CO15 Define Memory: Nature
and types of Memory
CO16 Describe Individual
Behaviour
CO17 Describe feeding Strategies
CO18 Describe social Behaviour in animals
CO19 Describe communication and its types
C020 Describe migratory behaviour in birds and fishes
CO21 Define biological Rhythm
CO22 Describe fertilization
CO23 Describe Cleavage and Blastulation
CO24 Describe Gastrulation and Fate maps
CO25 Describe development and functions of the
foetal membranes in mammals
CO26 Describe organogenesis of brain, eye and heart
in chick
CO27 Define organizer Concept
CO28 Describe regeneration and Metaplasia
CO29 Describe metamorphosis
CO30 Describe teratogenesis
CO31 Define theories
of Ageing
CO32 Describe
origin, definition, scope and importance of biotechnology
CO33 Define Gene therapy, Gene Delivery methods and Transplantation
biology
CO34 Describe
stem cell cultures and their potential use
CO35 Genetic engineering in animals and Social
issues of transgenics & IPR
CO36 Describe
ethical issues against the molecular technologies
CO37
Define Intellectual Property Rights
CO38 Define Bioremediation
CO39
Give an account of Bioreactor
CO40 Principles and techniques of Microscopy, centrifugation,Organellar
separation and Flow Cytometry
CO41 Describe principle & applications of different
equipments
CO42 Describe different Chromatographic techniques
CO43 Give a background account of electrophoresis, PCR
& Thermal cyclers, autoradiography, ELISA
CO44 Introductory knowledge of computers and Bioinformatics
CO45
Give an account of E. coli, D. melanogaster, Human genome, Mice genome.
DNA Chips and their replications
CO46 Describe Biostatistics
Practical
CO47 Microtomy
of vertebrate tissues
CO48 Study
of the skeleton of Frog, Varanus, Snake and Rabbit
CO49 Study
of permanent slides of Protochordata and Chordates
CO50 Study
of the museum specimens of Protochordata
CO51 Exercises on Developmental Biology
CO52 Study
of development of frog, chick through models/charts
CO53 Study
of chick embryos
CO54 Instrumentation
CO55
Exercise in biostatistics
Credits
i. Theory periods for duration of minimum of 3 hours
for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 18 hours per week.
ii. Practical classes are held for duration of 1 and ½
hour daily for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 9 hours per week.
M.Sc. SEMESTER IV: SPECIALIZATION
FISH AND FISHERIES
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Describe classification of fishes
CO2 Describe fins,
their origin and evolution
CO3 Describe locomotion in fishes
CO4 Describe histomorphologyand elementary physiology of digestive system and excretory system
CO5 Describe electric organs
in fishes
CO6 Describe accessory respiratory
organs in fishes
CO7 Describe sense
organs in fishes
CO8 Describe sexual
dimorphism and courtship in fishes
CO9 Describe reproduction
in a major carps
CO10 Describe parental care in fishes
CO11 Describe microscopic structure and hormonal functions
of the endocrine glands
CO12 Describe migratory instincts
CO13 Describe Hill stream adaptations
CO14 Give an account of the venomous and
nonvenomous fishes
CO15 Describe Fish pheromones and coloration in
fishes
CO16 Give
an account of the marine, estuarine and inland capture fisheries of India and methods
of fishing
CO17 Describe
nutrition and growth in fishes
CO18 Describe
preservation, ecology and productivity of fishes
CO19 Describe carp culture and management practices
CO20 Describe integrated aquaculture
CO21 Describe
induced spawning and hybridization
CO22 Describe Larvivorus fishes and public health
CO23 Describe fish diseases and their management
CO24 Describe exotic fishes and their merits and
demerits
CO25 Describe cryopreservationof gametes and embryos
CO26 Give an account of ornamental fish culture
Practical
CO27 Detailed
study of the skeleton of a Cyprinoid and a Siluroid fish
CO28 Permanent
preparation of scales, sensory, ampullae, etc.
CO29
Taxonomic studies of fresh water fishes
CO30 Experiments
in ecology
CO31 Determination
of age with the help of scales
CO32 Calculation
of GonadoSomatic Index and GastroSomatic Index
CO33 Determination
of fish fecundity
CO34
Extraction of Pituitary gland
CO35
Sham injection of Pituitary gland extract
CO36
Analysis of gut content
CO37
Study of lengthweight relationship
CO38 Exercises on Fish habitat Ecology
CO39 Exercises on Fisheries Biology
Credits
i. Theory periods for duration of minimum of 3 hours
for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 18 hours per week.
ii. Practical classes are held for duration of 2 and ½
hour daily for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 15 hours per week.
M.Sc. SEMESTER IV:SPECIALIZATION ENTOMOLOGY
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Describe ancestry and evolution
of insects
CO2 Describe classification of
insects
CO3 Describe methods of collection,
preservation and culture of insects
CO4 Describe parental care in
insects
CO5 Give an account of the habit, habitats and
general characters of the different orders in insects
CO6 Describe principles and Practices of Pest
Control
CO7 Define Pests and different categories
of crop pests
CO8 Describe pest control procedures
CO9 Describe modes of
action of insecticides
CO10 Describe integrated Pest
Management (IPM)
CO11 Give an account of the Insecticide Application
Equipments
CO12 Describe distribution, habit and habitats,
lifecycle, nature of damage and control of pests of crops, vegetables, fruits
and forests
CO13 Give an account of the Lac Industry, apiculture,
and sericulture
CO14 Describe lifecycle and control of insects of
Medical Importance
CO15 Describe Insect integument: Structure,
functions and modifications
CO16 Describe structure of an insect head,
thorax and abdomen
CO17 Describe structure and types of wings
of an insect
CO18 Describe structure and
modifications of male and female genitalia in insects
CO19 Describe structure and modifications
of alimentary canal
CO20 Describe structure and functions of
blood and mode of circulation in insects
CO21 Describe principal organs of
excretion of insects
CO22 Describe structure and modes of functioning of
various types of respiratory organs
CO23 Describe nervous
system in insects and its modifications
CO24 Describe neuroendocrine system
in insects
CO25 Describe structure and functions of
different types of visual and sound producing organs in insects
CO26 Describe Bioluminescence
CO27 Describe structure of pheromone producing
glands
CO28 Describe structure and modification of
male and female reproductive systems
CO29 Describe developmental of major organs in
insects
Practical
CO30
Study of models on dissection of nervous system of insects
CO31
Permanent preparation of sting apparatus of select species
CO32
Counting of haemocytes in insects
CO33
Modifications of insect heads on the basis of their orientation
CO34
Identification of insects up to family of the orders prescribed in theory
CO35
Study of the different types of adaptations found in insects
CO36
Determination of pH of the gut contents
CO37
Microtomy of insect tissues
CO38
Pests of fruits, vegetables & stored grains
CO39
Study of the structure of beehive
CO40
Bioassay studies on insects using some contact poisons
CO41
Use of dichotomous key in the identification of insects
CO42
Study of the lifecycles of some important insect pests
CO43
Determination of ShannonWeiner diversity index from given data
CO44 Estimation
of secondary productivity from the given data using Wiegert‟s (1965)
expressions
CO45
Exercises on insect behaviour
Credits
i. Theory periods for duration of minimum of 3 hours
for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 18 hours per week.
ii. Practical classes are held for duration of 2 and ½
hour daily for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 15 hours per week.
M.Sc. SEMESTER IV: SPECIALIZATION (IMMUNOLOGY)
I. COURSE OUTCOME
Theory
CO1 Give a historical background of science of
immunology
CO2 Describe cells and Organs of Immune system
CO3 Describe major contribution of the scientists
related to immunology
CO4 Describe hematopoiesis
CO5 Describe primary lymphoid organs and
their functional role
CO6 Describe secondary lymphoid organs and
its functional role
CO7 Describe antigen
CO8 Describe Immunogen and its properties
CO9 Describe Antigenecity and immunogenicity
and factors affecting it
CO10 Describe basic structure and classes of
immunoglobulin
CO11 Describe Major Histocompatibility
Complex [MHC]
CO12 Describe regulation of MHC expression
CO13 Describe production and mechanism of
Monoclonal antibodies
CO14 Describe primary and secondary line of Defence
CO15 Describe antigenAntibody interactions
CO16 Describe antigen processing and
presentation
CO17 Describe acquired immunity
CO18 Describe interaction of
AntigenAntibody
CO19 Describe immune effector mechanism
CO20 Define allergy and Hypersensitivity
CO21 Describe cytokine secretion and its
function
CO22 Describe Complement system
CO23 Describe complement deficiencies and
hypersensitivity
CO24 Describe Immune response to infectious diseases
CO25 Describe diseases of immune system and vaccines
CO26 Describe production of monoclonal
antibodies and its mechanism
CO27 Give an account of Immunotechnology and allergy
evaluation
CO28 Describe transplantation immunology
Practical
CO29 Cell
viability test using chicken or got spleenocyte
CO30 Determination
of ABO blood group
CO31 Ouchterloney’s
didiffusion immunoassay
CO32 Study
of primary and secondary lymphoid organs
CO33
Use of flowcytometry to separate specific immune cells
CO34
Immunoprecipitation
CO35
Performance of ELISA test
CO36 Immunohistochemistry
CO37
Western blotting
Credits
i. Theory periods for duration of minimum of 3 hours
for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 18 hours per week.
ii. Practical classes are held for duration of 2 and ½
hour daily for 6 days a week, i.e. a total of 15 hours per week.
Department
of Geology, L.S.M.G.P.G. College, Pithoragarh; Data for NAAC Criteria 2
Bechalor
of Sciences (BSc)
Course Outcome (COs)
Physical Geology
1.Get introduced to geology and its scope
2.Understand the position of Earth in space and solar system
and various theories of its origin.
3.Describe the internal and external processes of the Earth
and write down its shape, size, mass, density and its atmosphere.
4.Understand the laws of uniformitarinism, Earthquakes,
Volcanism, Weathering and erosion and related effects
Cos
of Structural Geology
1.Get introduced to Structural Geology
2.Understand contours, topographic and geological maps
3.Get an elementary idea of bed, dip and strike, outcrop,
effects of various structures on outcrop
4.Learn the use of Clinometer/Brunton compass.
5.Get an elementary idea of types of deformation; Folds:
nomenclature and types of folds; Faults: nomenclature, geometrical and genetic
classifications, normal, thrust and slip faults; joints, cleavage, lineation
and unconformity along with their definition, measurement and significance.
Cos of Crystallography
1.Understand and describe various crystals and their
characters.
2.Describe various crystals with their form, face, edge, solid
angle; Interfacial angle and their measurements; Crystallographic axes and
angles.
3.Understand Twinning and their types.
4.Describe the Crystal parameters, Weiss and Miller system of
notations. Symmetry elements and description of normal class of Isometric,
Tetragonal, Hexagonal, Trigonal, Orthorhombic, Monoclinic and Triclinic
systems.
Cos of Mineralogy
1. Write
and observe the physical properties of minerals
2. Describe
and understand Isomorphism and Polymorphism
3. Understand
the concept of silicon tetrahedron and classification of silicates
4. Describe
and understand the chemical composition and diagnostic physical properties of
minerals such as: Quartz, Orthoclase, Microcline, Hypersthene, Hornblende,
Garnet, Muscovite, Biotite, Olivine
Cos of Optical Mineralogy
1. Understand
ordinary and plane polarized light; Isotropism and Anisotropism;
2. Understand
the parts and functioning of Polarizing microscope;
3. Describe
the common optical properties observed under ordinary, polarized lights and
between crossed nicols.
4. Understand
the Optical properties of some common rock forming minerals (Quartz,
Orthoclase, Microcline, Hypersthene, Olivine, Hornblende, Muscovite, Biotite,
Garnet).
Cos of Elementary Geochemistry
1.Understand the properties of elements, chemical bonding,
states of matter and atomic environment of Elements
2.Understand the geochemical classification of elements, the
composition of different Earths’ reservoirs.
3.Understand Elemental fractionation, transport, advection,
diffusion.
4.Understand the geochemical variability of magma, melting of
the mantle and growth of continental crust within the solid Earth.
5.Understand the position of Earth in the solar system, the
formation of solar system, composition of the bulk silicate Earth and
Meteorites.
6.Understand the geochemical behavior of selected elements
like Si, Al, K, Na etc. during weathering of rocks.
Cos of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
1.Describe Magma: definition, composition, types and origin;
Forms and textures of igneous rocks
2.Reaction principle; Differentiation and Assimilation;
Crystallization of unicomponent and bicomponent (mixcrystals); Bowen’s
reaction series. Mineralogical and chemical classification of igneous rocks.
Detailed petrographic description of Granite, Granodiorite, Rhyolite, Syenite,
Phonolite, Diorite, Gabbro. Process and products of. metamorphism; Type of
metamorphism. Factors, zones and grade of metamorphism; Textures, structures
and classification of metamorphic rocks. Petrographic details of some important
metamorphic rocks such as  slate, schists, gneiss, quartzite, marble.
Sedimentary Petrology
1. Understand
various processes of formation of sedimentary rocks.
2. Understand
and describe Clastic and nonclastic sedimentary rocks, their textures and
structures of sedimentary rocks.
3. Understand
Palaeocurrent and sediment dispersal
4. Understand
the concept of provenance and basins.
5. Obtain
elementary knowledge about continental and oceanic sedimentary basins.
6. Understand
the concept of sedimentary environments and facies.
7. Describe
the petrographic details of important siliciclastic and carbonate rocks such as
 conglomerate, breccia, sandstone, greywacke, shale, limestones.
Cos of Ground Water Hydrology
1. Understand
ground water hydrology, hydrological cycle; hydrological parameters 
Precipitation, evaporation, transpiration and infiltration.
2. Understand
the origin of groundwater; its vertical distribution.
3. Understand
about various types of aquifers including unconfined and confined aquifers.
4. Understand
the water bearing properties of rocks  Porosity and Permeability; specific
yield, specific retention.
5. Describe
the Groundwater provinces of India.
Cos of Straigraphy
1.Understand and describe the definition and principles of
stratigraphy
2.Describe the Geological Time Scale and stratigraphic classification
3.Understand the Physiographic division of India
4.Study of following Precambrian succession: Dharwar,
Cuddapha, Vindhyan and Delhi Supergroup;
5.Obtain a brief idea of Palaeozoic succession of northwestern
Himalaya; Triassic of Spiti; Mesozoic type seccession of Kutch and Rajasthan;
Cretaceous of Tiruchirapalli;
6.Study of following type localities: Gondwana and Deccan
Trap. PalaeogeneNeogene sequences of northwest Himalaya and Assam.
Cos of Paleontology
1.Understand the definition of Palaeontology and Fossils.
2.Describe the characters, binomial nomenclature in taxonomy,
mode of preservation, condition of fossilization and significance of fossils.
3.Understand the morphology and geological distribution of
gastropods, brachiopods, palecypods and cephalopods.
4.Describe the morphology and geological distribution of
trilobite, echinoidea. Understand the evolutionary history of horse along with
its morphology
5.Describe the distribution and significance of Gondwana
flora.
Cos of Elementary Oceanography
1.Understand the relief of ocean floor which includes Continental
Shelf, Continental Slope, Continental Rise, Abyssal Plain and associated
features
2.Understand the density and salinity of sea water.
3.Understand and describe the marine sediments and their
classification (Lithogenous, Biogenous, Hydrogenous, Cosmogenous).
4.Understand the sea floor mineral resources, Submarine
canyons.
5.Describe and understand the marine microfossils and their
geological and economic significance.
6.Understand Coastal Geology: Coastal landformsdunes, Spits
and bars, estuaries, lagoons, deltas; Coral reefs and atolls, Coastal resources
Cos of Economic Geology
1.Understand the concepts of ores and ore deposits, ore
minerals and gangue minerals; Tenor of ores;
2. Describe
the Metallic and nonmetallic ore minerals; Strategic, Critical and essential
minerals.
3. Understand
the processes of formation of ore deposits: Magmatic, contact metasomatic, hydrothermal,
sedimentation
4. Study
important metallic (Cu, Pb, Zn Mn, Fe, Au, Al) and nonmetallic (industrial) minerals
(gypsum, magnesite, mica)
5. Describe
the distribution of coal and petroleum in India.
6. Obtain
elementary idea of mineral exploration including geological and geophysical
prospecting and mining
Cos of Fuel Geology
1.Understand the definition and origin of Coal; its basic
classification
2. Obtain
brief idea about lithotypes, microlithotypes and macerals in coal;
3. Understand
underground coal gasification
4. Understand
Petroleum, its origin and use as fuel;
5. Understand
the chemical composition and physical properties of crudes
6. Understand
and describe maturation of kerogen; Biogenic and Thermal effect;
7. Understand
about Petroleum reservoirs and Traps; Reservoir rocks:
8. Obtain
brief idea on Hydrocarbon traps: definition; anticlinal theory and trap theory;
Classifiy of hydrocarbon traps  structural, stratigraphic and combination and
understand the time of trap formation and time of hydrocarbon accumulation;
9. Define
Cap rocks and their general properties;
10. Understand
the relationship of plate tectonics and global distribution of hydrocarbon
reserves.
11. Obtain
Elementary knowledge of Nuclear Fuel
Cos of Elementary Engineering Geology
1. Understand
the Engineering properties of rocks and Soils.
2. Describe
soil and soil groups of India
3. Understand
dams, their types and related geological and environmental considerations.
4. Understand
geological problems of reservoirs.
5. Understand
geotechnical aspects of tunnels, bridges and hill roads.
6. Understand
the geotechnical aspects of tunnels, bridges and hill roads.
Cos of Photogeology
1.Define and understand the scope of photogeology.
2.Understand EM radiation and EM spectrum. EM energy
interactions with atmosphere and earth surface features.
3.Obtain knowledge on film and digital aerial photography.
4.Understand about types of aerial photographs and their annotations
on aerial photographs and their scale.
5.Understand relief distortions and vertical exaggeration and Orthophotographs;
Tilt in aerial photographs.
6.Understand the aerial photography mission.
7. Understand
Stereoscopic vision in aerial photographs; Stereoscopes and their types. Understand
Phototechnical and geotechnical elements of photointerpretation.
8. Obtain
knowledge on aerial photo mosaics, their types and utility.
9. Understand
the application potential of aerial photographs in land cover, landform, rock
type and structure recognition.
Cos of Elements of Mineral Exploration
1.Understand Mineral exploration: Surface and sub surface
exploration methods including use of remote sensing techniques;
2.Understand Prospecting for economic minerals: drilling
sampling and assaying;
3.Obtain elementary knowledge of geological and geophysical
prospecting.
4.Learn about various methods of exploration that include Gravity,
electrical, magnetic,airborne and seismic methods, geobotanical and geochemical
methods.
5.Obtain elementary idea of mining and environmental
considerations.
Cos of Environmental Geology
1.Understand the scope and aims of environmental geology.
2.Understand the relationship between biosphere and man.
3.Obtain knowledge on natural hazards namely Earthquakes, volcanism,
floods, avalanches, landslides and slope failures.
4.Learn the strategies and coping up with natural Hazards.
5.Understand climatology and global environment coastal,
reverine, dessertic , tropical, cold and polar.
6.Get elementary knowledge on Green house effect and global
warming
7.Understand Green house effect and global warming;
8.Obtain elementary concept of watershed management and Land
reclamation
Credits (Theory and practical
classes per week)
Two classes each of 45 minutes for each subject
Master
of Sciences (MSc)
Program Outcome (POs)
1. Understand
megascopic and microscopic properties of igneous rocks, their IUGS
classification and generation of magma.
2. Understand
various magmatic processes including partial melting, fractional
crystallization etc.
3. Learn
the relationship between major igneous rocktypes and suites and their
correlation with tectonic setting
4. Understand
minerologial phase rule, ACF, AKF, AFM diagrams, various metamorphic facies,
isograds and phases of deformation and metamorphic crystallization
5. Understand
the concept of sedimentary petrology, sedimentary facies analysis and
techniques of identification of sedimentary rocks in hand specimen and thin
section.
6. Understand
basics of basin analysis and the genesis of various sedimentary rocks and
related sedimentary processes.
7. Understand
the concept of stress and strain and its relation with various structural
features.
8. Understand
the classification and mechanisms of formation of folds and faults.
9. Understand
the concept of petrofabric analysis and kinematic analysis and the understanding
various deformational structures
10. Learn
classification of silicates and their major properties along with their
geochemical properties
11. Understand
the details of optical mineralogy and the process of formation of uniaxial and
biaxial interference figures
12. Understand
the details of geochemical classification of elements and their properties
13. Learn
the process of ore genesis and the origin of pertroleum and coal
14. Learn
the method of identification of ores in the field and details of their
exploration
15. Understand
basics of sequence stratigraphy and the modern techniques used in stratigraphy
16. Understand
the boundary problems and the formation of geological time scale along with
Earth’s climatic history
17. Understand
the theories of origin and evolution of life
18. Understand
Paleobiology and the morphology of major invertebrate, vertebrate and
microfossils.
19. Learn
about the major extinction events and their causes
20. Learn
about planetary evolutions and the internal structure of earth giving main
emphasis to plate tectonics
21. Understand
metallogeny in relation to plate tectonics
22. Learn
about the concept of Neotectonics and its implication
23. Understand
the use of remote sensing in the field of geology that includes the
geomorphological, lihtological and mineral investigations
24. Learn
about various types of remote sensing techniques, sensors, data acquisition,
storage and utility
25. Get
detail knowledge on groundwater hydrology and its implication to the
engineering projects
26. Understand
about aquifers, their types; hydrological provinces of India and quality of
ground water
27. Get
brief knowledge on ocean circulation, oceanography and techniques of surface
and subsurface sample processing.
28. Learn
about the distribution, evolution and application of micropaleontology
29. Understand
the techniques of separation of microfossil from the matrix and biozonation
charts.
30. Understand
and implement the understanding of geology into engineering projects
31. Obtain
knowledge on Mass movements and geohazard management and its implication
32. Understand
various geomorphic markers and their use in active tectonics
33. Learn
the fundamentals of GIS and remote sensing
34. Obtain
knowledge on the Himalayan orogen and related tectonic features
35. Learn
the use of geological knowledge in geohazard mitigation and engineering
projects
36. Learn
the technique of Field geology and attain knowledge of mapping and correaltion
Program Specific Outcomes (PSOs)
1.Understand
Igneous Petrology in detail
2.Understand
Metamorphic Petrology in detail
3.Understand
Sedimentology in detail
4.Understand
Structural Geology in detail
5.Understand
Minerology and Geochemistry in detail
6.Understand
Economic Geology in detail
7.Understand
Stratigraphy in detail
8.Understand
Paleontology in detail
9.Understand
Advance Structural Geology in detail
10. Understand Geodynamics in detail
11. Understand Remote Sensing and GIS in detail
12. Understand Groundwater Hydrology in detail
13. Understand Micropaleontology and Oceanography in
detail
14. Understand Engineering Geology in detail
15. Understand Tectonic Geomorphology in detail
16. Understand Mineral Exploration and economics in
detail
17. Understand Himalayan Geology in detail
Course Outcome (COs)
COs of Igneous Petrology
1.Understand Magma generation in the mantle, their nature and
evolution
2.Learn various magmatic processes: Partial melting,
fractional crystallization, assimilation, liquid immiscibility
3.Study phase equilibria in binary and ternary silicate
systems ( DioCOideAnorthite, Foresterite Silica, LeuciteSilica, Albite
Anorthite, OrthoclaseAnorthite, OrthoclaseAlbiteSilica,
DioCOiteAlbiteAnorthite, DioCOideForesteriteSilica,
FayaliteLeuciteSilica) in the light of modern experimental works
4.Learn the IUGS classification schemes of igneous rocks
5.Understand Petrognesis and tectonic setting of major igneous
rock types and suites: Ultramafic rocks komatite, lamprophyres, kimberlite,
ophiolites, flood basalt, anorthosite, TTG, granitoids, alkaline rocks,
carbonatites with special reference to Indian examples.
COs of Metamorphic
Petrology
1.Learn about the mineralogical Phase rule of open and closed
systems
2.Understand the Nature and types of metamorphic reactions
3.Learn the concept and classification of metamorphic facies;
Facies series;
4.Learn graphical representation of minerals in ACF, AKF, AFM
and A’F’M’ diagrams
5.Understand the time relation between phases of deformation
and metamorphic crystallization
6.Describe each facies of low pressure, medium to high
pressure and very high pressure with special reference to characteristics
minerals, subdivisions into zones/sub facies, mineral assemblages, metamorphic
reactions and pressuretemperature conditions of metamorphism
7.Obtain brief introduction of Ultra high temperature and
Ultra high pressure metamorphism
8.Udnerstand Isograds and Reaction Isograds; Schreinmakers
rule and construction of Petrogenetic grids
9.Learn about metamorphic differentiation; Anatexis and origin
of migmatites; Paired metamorphic belts
10. Understand
Gibb’s free energy; Entropy; Enthalpy; ClausiusClapeyron equation;
Geothermobarometry; PressureTemperatureTime (PTt) paths
Cos of Sedimentology
1.Understand the texture, shape, size, fabric and surface
texture
2.Learn the methods of textural analysis, textural parameters
and their significance
3.Understand fluid flow mechanics and formation of sedimentary
bed forms.
4.Learn the concept of facies and implication of facies in
environmental interpretation and basin analysis.
5.Understand diagenesis: physical and chemical processes.
Evidences of diagenesis in sandstones, mud rocks and carbonate rocks.
6.Obtain knowledge on the evidences of diagenesis in
sandstones, mud rocks and carbonate rocks; evaporates, siliceous, phosphatic
and ferruginous rocks.
7.Learn about conglomerates
8.Learn various techniques to understand Petrogenesis of
sandstone, problems of greywacke, plate tectonics and sandstone composition
9.Understand argillaceous rockscomposition and
classification, dolomites, limestonestheir petrographic characteristics and
classification
Cos of Structural
Geology
1.Understand the Mechanical principles and properties of rocks
and their controlling factors.
2.Learn the theory of rock failure; brittle and ductile
deformation.
3.Understand the mechanics of folding and buckling.
4.Describe and understand folds geometry and classification; Superimposed
folds and their interference patterns.
5.Learn the analytical methods of determining fold style
6.Understand the causes and dynamics of faulting; about normal
faults and strike – slip faults; Overthrust and nappe with implications to
thrust tectonics; Thin skinned deformation and decollement along with Salt
domes and diapers.
7.Learn the concept of balanced cross sections
8.Understand Joints, rock cleavage and foliations; their
origin, domain character, relationship with major structures and geological
significance.
9.Learn about transposed foliations, linear structures and
boudinage; their origin, relationship with major structures and significance; deformation
of linear structures; Learn the concept of stress and strain; stressstrain
relationship of elastic, plastic and viscous materials; two dimensional strain
and stress analyses; types of strain ellipses and their significance.
10. Learn about brittle
and ductile shear zones; their geometry, strain pattern, kinematics and
significance.
11. Understand the
rotation of structural elements.
12. Learn the use
of stereographic and equal area projections for representing different types of
fabric
Cos of Mineralogy and Geochemistry
1.Learn the structural classification of silicates
2.Study of following group of minerals with reference to
chemical and structural formula, classification, atomic structure, chemistry,
physical and optical properties, occurrences : Olivine, Garnet, Pyroxene,
Amphibole, Mica, Feldspars, Feldspathoids, Silica and Aluminium silicates.
3.Understand the formation of Uniaxial and biaxial
interference figures, Interference colors, Pleochroism and determination of
pleochroic scheme,
4.Obtain knowledge on the interference figures and
determination of optic sign; Extinction; Uniaxial and Biaxial indicatrix and
dispersion in minerals.
5.Learn the use of Petrographical microscope, mica, Gypsum and
Quartz plates;
6.Learn the use of Universal stage and their uses in the
determination of optical properties of minerals.
7.Understand the composition of Earth and its constituents
(Crust, mantle and core)
8.Learn the ionic and coordination number; Rules of ionic
substitution, coupled substitution; Distribution coefficient: Capture admission
and camouflage,
9.Understand the Geochemical classification of elements; the behaviour
of major and trace including rare earth elements during magmatic
crystallization.
10. Learn about the
near surface geochemical environment: EhpH diagram.
11. Understand the Principal
of chemical mass balance and rock cycle; chemical weathering of minerals and
rocks.
12. Learn
about Radiogenic isotopes in geochronology and petrognesis: RbSr, SmNd, UPb
isotopic system.
Cos of Palaeontology
1.Understand the theories on origin of life.
2.Learn about Organic evolutionPunctuated equilibrium and
phyletic gradualism models. Obtain knowledge on Mass extinctions & their
causes
3.Learn the application of fossils in age determination and
correlation.
4.Understand the Palaeoecology life habitats and various
ecosystems.
5.Learn about paleobiogeography, adaptation and functional
morphology; taphonomy and limiting factors.
6.Understand the types and uses of microfossils; their morphology,
biostratigraphy and applications of foraminifera, Radiolaria, Calcareous, planktons,
Diatoms and Conodonts.
7. Learn
the characteristics, origin and evolution of vertebrates along with causes and
extinction.
Cos of Stratigraphy
1.Learn the recent development in stratigraphic classification
2.Understand the code of stratigraphic nomenclature.
3.Learn the concept of sequence stratigraphy. Modern methods
of stratigraphic correlation.
4.Learn the approaches of paleogeography.
5.Understand Earth’s climatic history.
6.Obtain brief ideas of quantitative, magneto, sesmic ,chemo
and event stratigrphy.
7.Understand the relationship of Evolution and biostratigrapy
– controlling factor, zonation, time significance, quantitative stratigraphy,
cyclostratigraphy ,pedostratigraphy .
8.Understand the evolution of the early
crust,lithological,geochemical and stratigraphic characterstics of
graniteGreenstone and granulite belts of India and global
correlation.Proterozoic formations of Peninsular – Extrapeninsular India.
9.Understand about the Precambrian life and its stratigraphic
records in India.
10. Learn about the
Boundry problems: ArchaenProterozoic , Precambrian Cambrian, PermoTriassic,
Cretaceous –Tertiary, NeogeneQuaternery.
11. Understand the PaleozoicMesozoic
and Cenozoic stratigraphy, fossils, Paleogeography, Paleoclimate, Tectonism and
economic deposits in brief.
12. Understand the
concept and status scheme of classification.
Cos of Geodynamics
1.Understand the Planetary evolution of the earth and its
internal structure
2.Understand the heterogeneity of the earth crust.
3.Understand Major tectonic features of the Oceanic and
Continental crust.
4.Learn about Isostacy and epeirogeny, Continental
driftgeological and geophysical evidence, mechanics, objections, present
status.
5.Learn about the nature of plate margins.
6.Understand gravity and magnetic anomalies and heat flow
patterns at Midocean ridges, deep sea trenches, continental shield areas and
mountain chains
7.Learn about Palaeomagnetism, magnetostratigraphy, seafloor
spreading, mechanics of plate motion and Plate Tectonics
8.Obtain knowledge on Island arcs, oceanic islands, hotspots
and plume tectonics.
9.Learn about the Seismismic belts of the earth, seismicity
and recurrent seismicity visavis plate movements.
10. Understand orogeny,
geodynamic evolution of Indian cratons and mobile belts.
11. Learn about the
structure and origin of the Himalaya
12. Understand metallogeny
in relation to plate tectonics.
13. Learn about the
Neotectonic movementsconcepts and evidence.
Cos of Economic
Geology
1.Understand Magmatic, hydrothermal, metamorphic and surface
processes of ore formation.
2.Learn the methods of mineral deposit studies including ore
microscopy, fluid inclusions and isotopic systematic.
3.Understand about Geological setting, characteristics and
genesis of ferrous, base and noble metals.
4.Learn about the origin, migration and entrapment of
petroleum.
5.Understand the properties of source and reservoir rocks; Structural,
stratigraphic and combination traps
6.Learn about the petroliferous basins of India.
7.Understand the origin of coal deposits, their classification,
rank and grading of coal; coal resources of India.
8.Learn about gas hydrates, coal bed methane and nuclear
resources.
9.Understand the occurence of mineral resources in the
Himalaya.
Cos of Mineral
Exploration and Mineral Economics
1.Understand the concept of exploration.
2.Learn about the geological, geophysical, geochemical and
geobotanical criteria and methods of surface and subsurface exploration.
3.Learn about Pitting, trenching, drilling and sampling methods;
methods of petroleum and ground water exploration.
4.Learn the technique of estimation of grade and reserve of
ores.
5.Learn the principles of mineral beneficiation; communition
classification, liberation, concentration, flotation methods, jigging,
electromagnetic and magnetic separation, amalgamation, syndication.
6.Learn about the strategic, critical and essential minerals.
7.Understand India’s status in mineral production; National
Mineral Policy; Substitution and conservation; Mineral concession rules.
8.Learn about the marine mineral resources and Law of Sea.
Cos of REMOTE
SENSING AND GIS APPLICATIONS
1.Define remote sensing and describe and learn about air and
spacebased platform
2.Understand types and characteristics of sensors.
3.Learn the concepts of monoband, multispectral and
hyperspectral remote sensing.
4.Learn the basics of optical, thermal and microwave remote
sensing; characteristics of IRS sensors and principles of visual image
interpretation
5.Understand the structure of Digital Image and the conceptual
aspects of Digital Image Processing.
6.Learn the basic processes of image rectification,
enhancement and classification.
7.Learn about components of Geographic Information System
(GIS); Raster and vector data formats.
8.Obtain basic knowledge about data acquisition, manipulation,
analyses and representation in GIS.
9.Learn the application of remote sensing and GIS in
geomorphological investigations, tectonic investigations, lithological mapping,
groundwater exploration, mineral exploration, oil & Gas exploration and
geohazard management;
Cos ofMicropaleontology and Oceanography
1.Understand the definition and scope of the subject, surface
and subsurface sampling methods, sample processing and techniques
2.Learn the history of development of Oceanography.
3.Learn the methods of measuring properties of sea water.
4.Understand the Ocean drilling Programme (ODP) and its major
accomplishments, ocean circulation, surface circulation and concept of mixed
layers.
5.Learn about Thermocline and Pycnocline, concept of
upwelling; El Nino and deep Ocean circulation. Formation of bottom, bottom
water, water masses of the world ocean and sea sediments (oozes etc.).
6.Get brief introduction of morphology, geological
distribution and applications of Foraminifers, osytracoda, Calcareous
Nannofossils, radiolarian, diatoms and conodonts
Cos of GROUND WATER
HYDROLOGY
1.Understand the Origin, occurrence, movement and
distribution.
2.Learn about the Hydrological properties of rocks: porosity,
permeability, specific yield, specific retention, hydraulic conductivity,
transmissibility and storage coefficient.
3.Learn about Aquifer and their types: Confined and unconfined
aquifers.
4.Understand Darcy Law, its range and validity.
5.Learn the Ground water quality and chemical characteristics
of ground water in relation to various uses domestic, irrigation and industrial
purposes.
6.Understand the Ground water recharge methods and factors
controlling recharge.
Cos of Engineering Geology
1.Learn the role of engineering geology in civil engineering
projects; engineering properties of rocks and soils
2.Understand the Geological consideration for evaluation of
dams and reservoir sites; Reservoir induced seismicity.
3.Obtain knowledge on Dam foundation problems and grouting;
geological evaluation of tunnel alignment.
4.Understand about bridges their types and causes of failure.
5.Learn about the influence of geological conditions on
building foundations.
6.Understand about mass movements with special emphases on
landslide and causes of hill slope instability and preventive measures.
Cos of Tectonic Geomorphology
1.Understand the definition and scope of tectonic
geomorphology
2.Learn the concept of landscape evolution and the
formprocess relationship in landscape evolution
3.Understand the concept of linear and planar geomorphic
markers and active tectonics.
4.Understand various landforms related to active strikeslip faults,
normal faults, reverse faults and folds.
5.Understand sudden verses gradual modification in the river
systems along with tectonic modification of alluvial and bedrockchanneled
rivers: longitudinal profiles, river pattern, sinuosity, drainage pattern and
drainage anomalies; effects of base levels.
6.Understand geomorphic indices of active tectonics
7.Learn the technique of morphometric analysis: mountain front
sinuosity, hypsometric curve and hypsometric integral, drainage basin
asymmetry, stream length gradient index and valley floor width to valley height
ratio
8.Understand the fundamentals of space geodetic technique of
measuring active tectonic deformations: Global positioning system (GPS) and
Radar interferometry
Cos of Advanced
techniques in Structural Geology
1.Principles of geological mapping and map reading, projection
diagrams. Strain markers in naturally deformed rocks and graphical
representation of strain. Strain pattern and folding. Measurement of strain in
deformed rocks
2.Structural analysis of folds, cleavages, lineations, joints
and faults. Tectonites and their type. Concept of petrofabric and symmetry
field and laboratory techniques and graphical solutions. Types of fabric,
fabric elements and interpretation on macroscopic to microscopic scale. Use of
Crystallographic Preferred Orientation (CPO) and Anisotropy of Magnetic
Susceptibility (AMS) in petrofabric; Co3 Timerelationship between
crystallization and deformation. Unconformities and basementcover relations.
structural behaviour of igneous rocks, diapirs and salt domes
Cos of Himalayan
Geology
1.Understand Geological terrains of Indian Subcontinent.
Proterozoic rocks in Himalaya, their metamorphism and igneous activities.
Himalayan province between pan African and Hercynian Tectonic Upheavals.
Gondwana tectonics and pre Himalayan palaeogeograpgy.
2.Understand Cretaceous volcanism and the Himalayan Mesozoic
Startigraphy and the tectonic evolution of northern margin of the Indian plate.
3.Understand the Collision of India with Asia and the
emergence and evolution of the Himalaya, evolution of Himalayan Foreland basin,
quaternary development and Holocenerecent tectonic movements and earthquakes
in the Himalaya
Credits (Theory and practical
classes per week)
Four classes each of 45 minutes for each subject
